Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Overcoming Obsessive Compulsive Behaviors

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder affects about 1 in 40 adults and 1 in 100 children in the United States. It is most prevalent among adults 18-44 years old and usually becomes present around age 19. Compassion Mental Health offers patients in Western Pennsylvania and Eastern Ohio effective treatment for OCD including non-invasive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:
A Definition

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a common health disorder characterized by patterns of undesirable thoughts or obsessions that often lead to repetitive behavior. These compulsive actions are normally harmless but can become very time consuming and distressing once the need to fulfill the urges surpasses other personal responsibilities like employment, family relationships, or quality of life.

Obsessions are intrusive, irrational thoughts or impulses that repeatedly occur. People with these disorders know these thoughts are irrational but are afraid that somehow they might be true. These thoughts and impulses are upsetting, and people may try to ignore or suppress them.

Examples of obsessions include:

  • Thoughts about harming or having harmed someone
  • Doubts about having done something right, like turning off the stove or locking a door
  • Unpleasant sexual images
  • Fears of saying or shouting inappropriate things in public

Compulsions are repetitive acts that temporarily relieve the stress brought on by an obsession. People with these disorders know that these rituals don’t make sense but feel they must perform them to relieve the anxiety and, in some cases, to prevent something bad from happening. Like obsessions, people may try not to perform compulsive acts but feel forced to do so to relieve anxiety.

Examples of compulsions include:

  • Hand washing due to a fear of germs
  • Counting and recounting money because a person is can’t be sure they added correctly
  • Checking to see if a door is locked or the stove is off
  • “Mental checking” that goes with intrusive thoughts is also a form of compulsion

Services Available for OCD

Frequently Asked Questions

Could I need treatment for OCD?

If you notice that you have an overwhelming but unexplained need to complete certain tasks or to experience life in a certain way, then you might suffer from OCD. Some types of OCD are incredibly minor and cause little interference, if any, in day-to-day life. However, if your symptoms cause you severe anxiety, disrupt your quality of life, or interfere with your work and personal relationships, then you should seek psychiatric evaluation immediately.

After speaking with you, your doctor might conduct a series of tests to rule out the possibility of another mental illness. If you are diagnosed with OCD, then cognitive–behavioral therapy or exposure therapy could help you to cope with your impulsive and obsessive tendencies and behaviors. Your doctor might also prescribe medication to make your OCD symptoms more manageable.

Many individuals who suffer from OCD have a genetic predisposition to develop the disorder, and little can be done to avoid its onset. However, certain stimuli in a person’s environment can trigger the condition. If you are diagnosed with OCD, then your doctor might recommend that you make changes to your lifestyle or environment in an effort to pinpoint problematic factors.

If you have any additional questions on OCD please request to speak with a clinician.